Ichi-Ju-San-Sai (One Soup and Three Dishes)/一汁三菜

Japanese Food Japanese ice cream

As you may know, a typical, rice-centered Japanese meal is hierarchically structured, with rice (the king) at the top. Soup, usually miso soup, (the queen) is required not optional, and all other dishes, no matter how delicious they are by themselves, are mere humble servants. In fact, these dishes, called okazu, are meant to be eaten with rice and are, therefore, seasoned accordingly.

The other day, I got three bunches of enoki mushrooms from a neighbor who runs an enoki mushroom factory. Today, I used one of them.

Tonight’s supper is one example of an “ichi-ju-san-sai” meal.
Nowadays, san-sai are considered one shu-sai (main dish) and two fuku-sai (side dishes).
The shu-sai today was gyoza (store-bought).
The two fuku-sai are stir-fried vegetables and simmered kiriboshi daikon.
We also had momotaro tomatoes and lightly pickled cucumbers. Momotaro is the most popular tomato variety in Japan.

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